Definition, Function, Purpose, Branches and Types of Law


Law is a set of rules that must be followed by citizens or they will face punishment. For example, if you steal something from a store, you could be fined or sent to jail.

Definition of Law:

A rule of conduct developed by government or society over a certain territory, based on certain practices and customs in order to deal with crime, business, social relationships, property, finance etc. The law is controlled and enforced by the controlling authority.

Function, Purpose, Branches and Types of Law:

A system of rules and regulations established by a government, applicable to people and enforced by judicial decision.

The laws of a country regulate the activities of people and organizations (businesses). These can be defined as Statute law or Municipal law.

Constitutional law defines the structure of a nation and governs its policies and decisions.

It also determines the powers and duties of each branch of government. It is divided into the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches.

Those who work in the executive branch are given the power to sign laws that are passed by the legislature or veto them and decline to do so. They can also decide whether a law is valid or unconstitutional.

It is a system that controls human behavior in a society and protects the rights of everyone. It also helps the people to resolve conflict and avoids potential conflicts of interests. It also advocates good governance and equity in the society.