The Financial Services Industry
Financial services are a huge sector that impacts everyone from small community banks to global hedge fund managers. The term “financial services” covers everything that has to do with money—from loans and investment advice to credit cards and escrow services. While the industry encompasses for-profit enterprises, it also includes many community-based nonprofits that offer counseling services and money management advice.
Providers of financial services, or intermediaries, help channel cash from savers to borrowers and redistribute risk. For example, insurance companies pool the money from many policy holders to cover the losses of a few big claims. And banks take on the risk that borrowers won’t pay, enabling depositors to avoid being crippled by a single default.
These entities also play a crucial role in controlling the amount of money in the economy. They do this by adjusting repo rates, participating in open markets, and setting cash reserve ratios. They also purchase and sell government assets to control the money supply and manage inflation.
Moreover, they ensure that companies are able to acquire enough funds to boost their production and reap more profits. A healthy financial service sector thus helps in economic growth and development by promoting investment, saving, and consumption.
The financial services industry is a lucrative option for individuals with the right qualifications and skills. However, the field can be stressful and demanding at times. Some jobs require employees to work 16 to 20 hours a day, which can lead to burnout and a lack of life/work balance. In addition, financial services careers can be highly competitive, and newcomers to the field often face a steep learning curve.